金刚大威德(佛教本尊)

Vajrabhairava (Buddhist Deity) - with consort

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编号:HAR137

中文名称:金刚大威德(佛教本尊)

英文名称: Vajrabhairava (Buddhist Deity) - with consort

尺幅:111.76x76.20cm (44x30in)

类别:彩唐

材质:棉布

题材:人物

收藏:Shelley & Donald Rubin

地域:西藏

年份:19世纪(1800 - 1899)

传承:格鲁

内容:Vajrabhairava (Tibetan: dor je jig je. English: Vajra Terror) with the consort Vajra Vetali surrounded by the main protectors of the Gelugpa School.At the upper left corner is the tutelary deity of Guhyasamaja, blue, with three faces and six hands embracing the consort; in a seated posture. At the right corner is Chakrasamvara, blue, with four faces and twelve hands, embracing the consort, red Yogini; in a standing posture. These two figures along with Vajra Bhairava in the center of the painting represent the three most important tutelary deities (Skt.: ishtadevata) of the Gelugpa School.To the left side of the faces of Bhairava is a small white Maitreya figure, seated in western style, with the hands in the teaching gesture. To the right is the dakini Simhamukha, blue, with a lion face and two hands.On the left side below Guhyasamaja is Vajrapani Bhutadamara, blue, with one face and four hands. Below that is Panjarnata Mahakala, black, with one face and two hands. Below that is White Shadbhuja Mahakala with one face and six hands. Below that is outer Yama Dharmaraja, black, with a buffalo head and two hands, accompanied by the consort Chamundi; riding a buffalo. Below that is inner Yama Dharmaraja, black, with one wrathful face and two hands. Immediately to the right is secret Yama Dharmaraja, red, with one buffalo face and two hands holding a wishing jewel in the right and a skullcup to the heart with the left; standing above a red buffalo surrounded by the flames of wisdom.On the left side below Chakrasamvara is the seated Chaturbhuja Mahakala, black, with one face and four hands. Below that is Chaturmukha Mahakala, black, with four faces and four hands, holding a curved knife and skullcup with the first pair and a sword and spear with the second pair; standing above a corpse. Below that is the Brahman Form Mahakala, brown skinned, with one face and two hands; with the appearance of an Indian yogi. Below that is the female protector Palden Magzor Gyalmo, black, with one face and two hands riding a mule. Below that is Begtse Chen, red, with one face and two hands. Immediately to the left is Vaishravana, the direction guardian of the North, orange in colour, with one face and two hands. Directly below the central figure is Shadbhuja Mahakala, black, with one face and six hands; with five offering skullcups arranged in front. This last form of Mahakala, Shadbhuja, along with Vaishravana and outer Yama Dharmaraja are the three main protectors of the Gelugpa School.As a tutelary deity Vajra Bhairava, also known as Yamantaka, belongs to the Yamari class of tantras and specifically arises from the Bhairava Root Tantra (Tibetan: Jig je tsa gyu) and is classified as method (father) Anuttaryoga Tantra. The practice of Bhairava is common to the three Sarma Schools: Sakya, Kagyu and Gelugpa. There are numerous forms and styles of practice from the very complex with numerous deities to the very concise with a single Heruka form. The main lineages to enter Tibet were those of Jowo Atisha, Rwa Lotsawa, Mal Lotsawa and the like.This form of Bhairava with the central faces placed 3 vertically and 3 faces to each side arranged horizontally is unique to the Gelugpa School and true to a visionary experience of Lord Tsongkapa the founder.

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