金刚持菩萨

Vajradhara Buddha

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编号:HAR89

中文名称:金刚持菩萨

英文名称: Vajradhara Buddha

尺幅:86.36x68.58cm (34x27in)

类别:彩唐

材质:棉布

题材:人物

收藏:Rubin Museum of Art

地域:西藏

年份:15世纪(1400 - 1499)

传承:不确定

内容:Vajradhara, Buddha (Tibetan: dor je chang, sang gye. English: the Vajra Holder, Enlightened One). The primordial buddha, personification of the dharmakaya - truth body of enlightenment and progenitor of the Vajrayana system of Buddhism together with the Eighty-four Mahasiddhas."Master of all-pervasive pristine awareness, unmoving great bliss of dharmata, unsurpassed treasure of wishing jewels; homage to the great Vajradhara." (Nyingma liturgical verse).At the sides of the throne stand two bodhisattva figures. On the right side of Vajradhara is Maitreya with the attributes of a water flask and a whee. On the left is Manjushri with the attributes of a sword and book. Both are peaceful in appearance and fully adorned with ornaments and silks, they hold the hands at the heart in the gesture of Dharma Teaching, each standing atop a red lotus blossom. Above those, on the left is the meditational deity Chakrasamvara, blue in colour (gold painted), embracing the consort Vajrayogini. Above that is a seated Samantabhadra like buddha figure embracing a consort and another single smaller Amitayus Buddha to the right. At the right side is the meditational deity Secret Accomplishment Hayagriva. Above that is the female deity Sitatapatra with one face and two hands holding a parasol upraised. Seated next to her is the deity Vajravidarana with a wrathful expression and holding a vajra and bell. A single buddha sits to the left.Below the bodhisattvas and alongside the throne seat are four more smaller Amitayus Buddha figures each with ornaments and silks, the hands placed in the mudra of meditation. Directly in front of the throne is the wrathful protector Chaturbhuja Mahakala, black in colour (painted with gold) with one face and four hands, seated in a relaxed posture on a pink lotus seat and surrounded by red flames.Completely surrounding the central figure and arranged in rows from the top to the bottom are ninety-one figures mostly comprised of famous mahasiddhas of India. Each is attired in characteristic garb and holds, or performs, unique objects and hand gestures. At the top left is the Acharya Nagarjuna, five down on the left with the hand raised in the air is Virupa. At the top center is Dombi Heruka riding a tiger and fourth from the top right is Kukkuripa embracing a dog. At the middle right is a Guru Rinpoche like figure wearing a red hat and directly above that is Saraha holding an arrow.The Sarma schools hold Vajradhara as the secret form of Shakyamuni Buddha and the combined essence of all buddhas of the ten directions and three periods of time gathered as one. It is from Vajradhara that such meditational deities as Guhyasamaja, Shri Hevajra and Chakrasamvara arise. According to the Nyingmapa School Vajradhara is an activity emanation of buddha Samantabhadra.On the back of the painting is a drawing of a stupa filled with verses of blessing written in red ink. Surrounding that are the three letters om, ah, hum representing the purified body, speech, and mind of all of the figures portrayed.

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