释迦牟尼与十六罗汉

Shakyamuni Buddha - with 16 Arhats

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编号:HAR19

中文名称:释迦牟尼与十六罗汉

英文名称: Shakyamuni Buddha - with 16 Arhats

尺幅:69.85x53.34cm (27.50x21in)

类别:彩唐

材质:棉布

题材:人物

收藏:Rubin Museum of Art

地域:藏东

年份:18世纪(1700 - 1799)

传承:不确定

内容:

释迦摩尼佛(Shakyamuni Buddha)(藏语:sha kya thu pa。英语:释迦族的圣人,觉悟的人):与上面的阿弥陀佛(buddha Amitabha)一起,被16个罗汉,2个侍者和4天王包围着。

他有一张暗金色的脸和两只手,头发的颜色是深蓝色,顶端饰有金色装饰品。他穿着配有绿色内衬和肩带的橙色长袍,右肩被覆盖,剩下的手臂的长度裸露在外面。双腿以金刚坐姿折叠,右腿放在左腿上。右手手掌向下放,超过膝盖,持触地印,呼唤地球见证觉悟的时刻。左手搁在大腿上持禅定印。周围的蓝色光线形成一个球体背光和一个绿色的头光,他坐在一个由雪狮支撑的月亮圆盘和多彩莲花的宝座上。站在左侧的是弟子舍利弗(Shariputra),在右侧的是弟子目犍连(Maudgalayana)。他们两人右手都拿着一个天杖,左手都持钵。在前面的地面上,一个金色的法轮被各种珍贵的珠宝,黄金,象牙,海螺和花瓶包围着。

在顶部中心是阿弥陀佛(Amitabha),红色,持禅定印,并且托钵在腿上,被彩虹光芒缠绕着。坐在两边和下面的是16罗汉——释迦牟尼(Shakyamuni buddha)最重要的学生。每个都带有可识别的样式或独特的手印。所有人都裸露着右臂穿着红色和橙色袈裟,坐在方形垫上。在较低的中心下面的罗汉是两个侍者。左边是哈香尊者(Hvashang),胖硕,穿着白色与蓝色的长袍。 右边是达摩多罗尊者(Dharmatala),黑头发堆积在头顶,穿着深蓝色的衣服,白色的裤子和绿色的靴子。
在底部,有着年轻外貌并且坐着的,是4个方向的守护天王。左边的是广目天王(Virupaksha),橙色,持宝塔;增长天王(Virudhaka),蓝色,握着一把剑。右边的是持国天王(Dhritarashtra),白色,抱着琵琶弦乐器。在角落里的是多闻天王(Vaishravana),金色,拿着胜利幢和吐宝鼠。所有人都装饰着和平的饰品,并穿戴着各种颜色的丝绸和围巾。


Shakyamuni Buddha (Tibetan: sha kya thu pa. English: Sage of the Shakya Clan, the Enlightened One): along with buddha Amitabha above, surrounded by the 16 Arhats, 2 Attendants and the 4 Guardians of the Directions.

Sanskrit: Buddha Shakyamuni Tibetan: Sang gye sha kya tu pa

Dark gold in colour with one face and two hands, his hair is dark blue in colour with a topknot crowned with a gold ornament. Attired in orange robes with a green liner and sash, the right shoulder is covered leaving the length of the arm bare. The legs are folded in vajra posture with the right over left. The right hand is placed with the palm down across the knee in the mudra (gesture) calling the Earth to witness the moment of enlightenment. The left hand rests in the lap in the mudra of meditation. Surrounded by a nimbus of blue light rays forming a sphere and a greenish areola, he sits above a moon disc and multi-coloured lotus blossom atop a snow lion supported throne. Standing at the left side is the monk Shariputra and at the right Maudgalayana,, both holding a khakkhara staff in the right hand and a begging bowl in the left. Arranged on the ground in front, a golden Dharma wheel is surrounded by various offerings of precious jewels, gold, ivory, conch shells and flower vases.

At the top center is the buddha Amitabha, red in colour, performing the mudra of meditation while holding a begging bowl in the lap, wreathed with ribbons of rainbow light. Seated along each side and below are the 16 Arhats - foremost students of Shakyamuni buddha. Each carries a recognizable symbol or performs a unique mudra. All wear red and orange monastic robes with the right arm bare, seated on square mats. At the lower center below the arhats are the two attendants. At the left is Hvashang, plump, well attired in white robes with blue trim. On the right is Dharmatala, with black hair piled on the top of the head, wearing dark blue garments with white pants and green boots.

Along the bottom, youthful in appearance and seated, are the 4 Guardians of the Directions. On the left is Virupaksha, orange in colour, holding a caitya (reliquary symbol), Virudhaka, blue, holding a sword. On the right is Dhritarashtra, white, holding a lute - stringed instrument. In the corner is the leader, Vaishravana, golden, holding a victory banner and mongoose. All are adorned with peaceful ornaments and wear variously coloured silks and scarves.

Jeff Watt 3-99

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